Agencia para la Administración Digital

.madrid basic terminology


Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers is a non-profit organization operating on an international scale. It is responsible for assigning space for Internet Protocol (IP) numerical addresses, protocol identifiers and the management functions for the system of top level domain names, as well as administering the root server system. It is a public-private corporation dedicated to preserve the operational stability of the Internet, promote competition, achieve broad representation of global Internet communities and develop policies appropriate to its mission.

Domain Name:

is an identification network associated with a group of devices or computers connected to the Internet.

Top-Level Domain:

(TLD): is the name that identifies the domain class a website belongs to when visited. It can be of two types: generic or territorial (country code):

  • Country code top-level domain (ccTLD) refers to the abbreviation of the country a website is associated with.

  • Generic top-level domain (gTLD) refers to the abbreviation of one of the sectoral domains a website is associated with (.org, .com, .info, .biz, .mobi, etc.).


is an organization duly accredited with ICANN and with the Community of Madrid that processes the applications for the allocation of a domain name and handles the management of .madrid domain names.

Information and Knowledge Society:

refers to the society whose citizens are interconnected through the use of technologies that use Internet communications as a means of creation, distribution and modification of all types of information.